Ayurveda

The word Ayurveda derived from AYU and VEDA. AYU means life VEDA means science or knowledge. Ayurveda means the science of life. In Ayurvedic medicine, health is defined as the soundness of sarira (body), manas (mind), and atman (self). The oldest existing therapeutic systems used by humanity for health and wellbeing are called Traditional Medicine or Complementary and Alternative Medicine (TM/CAM).

HISTORY OF AYURVEDA –
1- Origin - Ayurvedic medicine originated in India and have been used from our ancient times . In the second millennium BC, Ayurveda is found in the Rigveda and the Atharveda.
2- Oldest Work - The oldest works in Ayurveda still available are the Charaka Samhita, Susrutha Samhita and Ashtanga Samgraha. The Charaka Samhita (1000 BC) and Sushruta Samhita (1000 BC) are the original texts of Ayurveda. The regular teaching of Ayurveda started with the creation of Samhitas under the master-disciple (Guru-Shishya) system, which gradually became institutionalized in the 7th century with the establishment of a department of Ayurveda at the ancient Takshashila University.
3- Western System of Medicine - In 16th Century Europe, Paracelsus, who is known as the father of modem Western medicine, practiced and propagated a system of medicine which borrowed heavily from Ayurveda.The western system of medicine was introduced into India by the British in the 19th century. In 1827, classes in Ayurvedic medicine began at the Government Sanskrit College, Calcutta.

AYURVEDA SIGNIFICANCE
- Key concepts of Ayurvedic medicine include universal interconnectedness (among people, their health, and the universe), the body's constitution (prakriti), and life forces (dosha), which are often compared to the biologic humors of the ancient Greek system. Using these concepts, Ayurvedic physicians prescribe individualized treatments, including compounds of herbs or proprietary ingredients, and diet, exercise, and lifestyle recommendations.
Watch out Video of Dr. B.H Hedge ( He was awarded the Dr. B. C. Roy Award in 1999and in 2010, he was honored with the Padma Bhushan) , on Ayurveda vs western Medicine-


WHO ( WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION ) ON AYURVEDA -
Ayurveda blends our modern lifestyle and health-oriented habits with the ancient wisdom of using natural substances, medicines and herbs to help us lead a healthy, happy, stress-free and disease-free life. Ayurveda was officially recognised by WHO (World Health Organization) in 1976. In 2003, a WHO resolution (WHA56.31) on traditional medicine urged Member States, where appropriate, to formulate and implement national policies and regulations on traditional and complementary and alternative medicine to support their proper use REPORT ON AYURVEDA MEDICINE
According to a 2015 report published by University of Maryland Medical Center, Ayurvedic medicine can help treat inflammatory, hormonal, digestive and autoimmune conditions, including:
• Alzheimer's disease
• Anxiety or depression
• Asthma
• Cancer
• Dementia
• Dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation)
• Herpes
• High blood pressure or cholesterol
• Parkinson's disease
• Perimenopausal problems
• Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and cramps
• Depression
• Sleep disorders
• Hypertension
• Diabetes Mellitus
• Alzheimer

Evidence based benefit of Ayurveda –
1- Copper Pot - Ayurveda recommends the use of copper pot for water-purification as copper pot has antibacterial effect against important diarrheagenic bacteria including Vibrio cholerae, Shigella flexneri, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, enteropathogenic E. coli, Salmonella enterica typhi and Salmonella paratyphi, which is scientifically validated.
2- Ayurvedic Rasayanas - Ayurvedic formulations and Rasayanas have scientifically validated in various in vivo models. In this connection, Amalaki, an Ayurvedic Rasayana, and Rasa Sindoora, an organometallic derivative of mercury are effective in longevity, development, fecundity, stress tolerance, and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein levels of Drosophila melanogaster

AYURVEDA TRETAMENT CLASSIFICATION
- all individuals and body types into three categories:
Kapha (Earth and Water)- Kapha supplies the placid and cooling principles to the body. which cause disease if they become imbalanced.
Pitta (Fire and Water)- It is responsible for the creation of heat and all forms of radiant energy in the body. It is also responsible for the pumping action of the heart, the skin's temperature, and the vitality of blood
Vata (Air and Ether)- It controls the creation, growth, and disintegration of all living organisms.

Understanding Ayurveda Dosha –

BASICS VATTA PITTA KAPHA
       
Elements Aakash +Vayu Agni Jala +Prithvi
Properties ( Physical )

-Light, Rough , Mobility

-Minute Cold and Transparent

Hot ,Sharp,oily and Fluid

Heavy , oily Smooth , Cold , Stable
Properties ( Mental ) Rajas guna Satwaguna Tamasguna
Actions All Voluntary and Involuntary movements Digestion , Metabolism and Intellect Creation , Nutrion , Stamina , and Immunity
Place Below Umbilicus  (navel ) Between Umbilicus (navel) Above Chest
Time

2 to 6 am

2 to 6 pm

10 to 2 am

10 to 2 pm

6 to 10 am

6 to 10 pm
Age Old Age Middle age Childhood
Disease 80 types 40 types 20 types

THERAPEUTIC MEASURES
Some of the therapeutic measures prescribed in Ayurveda are as follows:
brimhana (promoting body weight; bulk-promoting)
langhana (producing lightness in the body)
svedana (diaphoretic)
stambhana (refrigeration; holding back; checking)
rukshna (roughening)
snehana (uncting/anointing)
rasayana (promotive therapy)
vajikarana (aphrodisiac)
samsodhana (proper purification by elimination of impurities)
ahara (food)
achara (behaviour; conduct).

PANCHKARMA Types
1.Vamana: therapeutic vomiting or emesis
2.Virechan: purgation
3.Basti: enema
4.Nasya: elimination of toxins through the nose
5.Rakta Moksha: detoxification of the blood

OTHER TYPES OF TREATMENT IN AYURVEDA –
1.Rejuvenation Therapy (RasayanaChikitsa) -

2-Leech therapy-

3-Hydrotheraphy -


PRECAUTIONS MEASURES-
Precautions in food -
Incompatible combinations Medicines having opposite veerya (temperamental potency) should not be combined. Viruddha ahar (incompatible dietary combinations) including:
fish and milk
meat and milk
sour substances and milk
salt and milk
fruits and milk
peas and milk
leafy vegetables and milk
radish leaves and jaggery
banana with buttermilk or curd
curd and ghee
storage of ghee in brass containers for more than 10 days
frying of long pepper in the same oil in which fish has been fried.
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